Asperger’s syndrome is hard to distinguish, thus thorough interpretation or translation should be made on the patient’s understated disorders in behavioral patterns. On the other hand, such syndrome can be administered with proper care. Let us discuss more about Asperger’s syndrome as we go along this article.
Asperger’s syndrome is also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder or ASD. It is a disorder in people who have difficulties in mingling with other people. Their behavioral patterns are stereotypes or repetitive. Another behavioral characteristic of a person having such disorder is physical clumsiness. On the other hand, Asperger’s syndrome is not the same as other disorders like dyslexia.
Understanding the Facts about Asperger’s Syndrome
The term Asperger’s syndrome was identified to Hans Asperger, a pediatrician from Austria, in 1944. Since then, the syndrome had been a standard separate diagnosis process in distinguishing ASD from HFA or High-Functioning Autism. The main reason for this syndrome is still unknown but continuous studies and research is being done. Genetic inheritance can be one of the possible causes.
Asperger’s syndrome does not show any strange symptoms but it exhibits different patterns of behavior. Apart from difficulty in social interaction, patients who have this syndrome lack social reciprocity and ability to develop friendship. In addition, the body language of patients displays impairment in eye contact, facial expression, gesture, and posture. Compared to patients with HFA who do not interact with the society, patients with Asperger’s syndrome are able to interact with society but in cumbersome manner.
Patients having Asperger’s syndrome also lacks the quality of empathy or understanding. They normally speak or narrate continuously without minding whether the listener is interested to listen or not. Another characteristic of the patients is having repetitive interest and behavior in fine or limited topics. The topics can be anything or an area of interest of the patient in which he or she gives undue attention. The behavior of the patients can be summarized as the failure to assess things in broad perspective.
Language learning for patients with Asperger’s syndrome is not a problem, thus it does not require excessive time. However, patients may exhibit speech abnormalities such as verbosity, miscomprehension of nuance, and abrupt transitions. Diagnosis of Asperger’s syndrome involves checking on person’s speech, body language, and social behavior. If the person exhibits impairment in any of these factors along with stereotyped and repetitive behavior patterns, then it can be concluded that the person is suffering the syndrome. The diagnosis is generally done between the ages of 7 and 11 years. On the other hand, the syndrome can be hard to diagnose in adults.
Treatment for Aspergers Syndrome
Along the treatment process of patients with Asperger’s syndrome, their communication skills may improve and may learn some vocational skills. Patients are usually given with different activities or standard program that will help them reduce their stress and help them learn new things. Here are some of the activities:
Interpersonal skills training
Cognitive behavior therapy that helps patients deal with disorders related to obsessive interests, repetitive behavior, and anxiety
Medication on major disorders like depression
Physical therapy that helps patients to attain sensory integration and motor coordination
Speech therapy that helps patients develop communication skills
Parents play an important role in supporting and motivating their child suffering from Asperger’s syndrome. A good support system is also important in the treatment process of the patients. Apart from all the techniques and therapies given by the treatment, patients will also require lots of love, care, and mental support.